Learn Everything About Vitiligo
Vitiligo is a skin disorder that causes white spots to appear on the skin. Vitiligo can affect any part of the body, and most persons with the disease have white patches all over.
Dr. Archit Agarwal, a dermatologist in Faridabad, shares his thoughts on the topic of vitiligo and what may be done to treat it in this article.
Causes and Risk Factors for Vitiligo
The skin has lost its typical hue due to a lack of melanin. The pigment-forming cells known as melanocytes have been damaged for some reason.
We have no idea why this happens. It could be an autoimmune disorder in which your body’s defenses fight your own cells rather than invading germs.
Vitiligo affects people of all ethnicities equally, but it is more visible in dark-skinned people.
Who Are the Most Likely Recipients?
The illness affects up to 2% of the population. It makes no difference whether you’re a man or a woman, believed by all the dermatologists in India.
It usually appears between the ages of 10 and 30 in the majority of instances. According to Faridabad’s best dermatologist, it usually invariably appears before the age of 40.
Vitiligo is a condition that can run in families. You’re more likely to have it if someone else in your family has it or if members of your family have premature grey hair.
Autoimmune illnesses, including Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (autoimmune thyroiditis) and type 1 diabetes, can further increase your chances.
Symptoms of Vitiligo?
On numerous places of your skin, you’ll frequently lose color swiftly. The white patches may remain the same for a while after they develop, but they may grow larger later. It’s possible that you’ll go through cycles of pigment loss and stability.
Vitiligo typically affects the following people:
• Folds in the body (like armpits)
• Sites where people have been hurt in the past
• Sun-exposed areas
• In the vicinity of moles
• In the vicinity of bodily apertures
• Mucous membranes are a type of mucous membrane (tissues that line your nose and mouth)
It can also affect the hair and eyes.
Once the white patches have formed, it’s rare for the color to return.
Types of Vitiligo
Vitiligo comes in five different forms. The type you have is determined by where you live.
The most common type is generalized. This is when you get discolored patches all over your body.
When your vitiligo is limited to one area of your body, such as your face or hands, it is known as segmental vitiligo.
When discoloration is focal, it stays in one location and does not spread.
When there is a significant discoloration followed by a milder discoloration, then regular-color skin, it is called trichrome.
Universal is a very uncommon kind. At least 80% of your skin will be stained if you have this.
Diagnosis of Vitiligo
During a physical exam, your doctor can usually diagnose vitiligo by checking your skin. You may also be subjected to other tests, such as blood tests and:
• A skin biopsy is a procedure in which a sample of your skin is taken and sent to a laboratory for further analysis.
• A Wood lamp test, in which a doctor examines your skin under ultraviolet light.
Treatment for Vitiligo and Home Remedies
Vitiligo can’t be prevented or cured, as far as we know. However, you can improve the appearance of your damaged skin. The optimal treatment for you will depend on your age, how much your skin needs to improve, and how much your vitiligo affects you.
Treatments for vitiligo
Your doctor may recommend a corticosteroid cream to apply to the damaged skin in order to restore its color. It could take months for you to notice any changes in your skin. You may also see streaks or lines on your skin, as well as a thinned appearance.
Your doctor may recommend a corticosteroid tablet or injection if your vitiligo is progressing quickly.
According to Dr. Archit Agarwal, the Faridabad-based dermatologist, there are a few different procedures that can help.
UVA phototherapy, often known as light therapy, can help to delay or stop the spread of vitiligo. In most circumstances, you’ll do this in addition to any medications prescribed by your doctor. This treatment is usually given a few times a week at a doctor’s office. However, there are portable gadgets that might allow you to receive therapy from the comfort of your own home.
Doctors sometimes combine light therapy with a medication called psoralen. You’d take psoralen by mouth or as an ointment, then receive UVA light therapy. While this treatment is successful, it is far more complicated to administer than standard phototherapy.
If prior treatments haven’t worked and your vitiligo has spread to a large area of your body, your doctor may suggest depigmentation. For roughly 9 months, a chemical is applied to the unaffected portions of your skin once or twice a day. That skin will gradually lighten to the same color as the rest of your skin.
The following are examples of possible side effects:
• Dry skin
Consult your doctor to see whether any of these therapies are appropriate for you.
Vitiligo treatment at home
There are a few things you may do at home to improve the appearance of your skin:
• Use cosmetics or tanning treatments to conceal the damaged area.
• When you’re outside, wear sunscreen (at least SPF 30) and reapply every 2 hours. [READ: Top 10 Best Sunscreens (SPF) Available in India for All Skin Types]
• Avoid tanning beds at all costs.
• Avoid getting tattoos. They can worsen vitiligo by causing damage to your skin.
Vitiligo surgery is a procedure that is used to treat vitiligo.
Your doctor may suggest surgery if other therapies haven’t worked. The purpose of these treatments is to balance out your skin tone.
Skin grafting is a procedure in which a surgeon transplants healthy skin to discolored areas. If you have minor spots of vitiligo, your doctor may recommend this.
Blister grafting involves your surgeon creating blisters on your healthy skin with suction, then moving the tops of those blisters to your discolored skin.
A cellular suspension transplant is when your doctor extracts healthy skin tissues, dissolves them in a solution, and transplants them to your discolored skin. It could take weeks for the results to appear.
If one of these procedures can benefit you, your doctor will let you know.
Vitiligo patients are more likely to develop:
• Problems with the eyes
• Loss of hearing
You may feel depressed, worried, or self-conscious as a result of the changes in your look. There are a variety of things that can help, including:
• Discussing it with friends and family
• Joining a support group, either in person or online, to talk with others going through similar experiences.
• Seeing a doctor who is well-versed in the illness so that the best treatment and assistance may be found for you.