India is known for its rich culture and precious heritage. And Indian Handloom is popular worldwide for its variety, quality, and richness. We have many different types of prints, unique textiles, and weaves. Indian prints have their own unique identity for their riot of vibrant colour and weaves which differ region-wise. These Textile Crafts of India have inspiration from rural life, floral, animal print, nature, architecture, and patterns. When made by talented craftsmen these rich Indian prints convey a message and speak out words. Indian fabric prints from different parts of Indian have much different imagination put on the cloth. While Indian artists and craftsmen try to make these in a new way every time.
Check this list of most popular Indian fabric prints
1. Gamthi Print
This is a type of block print and gets its name from ‘Gaam meaning village’. This print originates from Gujarat and Rajasthan villages and was initially used to decorate accessories, dupattas, and turbans. Such prints have a repetitive pattern with motifs and mirrorwork. This is also called Saudagari print and it’s known for the bold and vibrant intricate prints and patterns. Gamthi print is most popular in the fashion industry to make Indian ethnic attire like ghagras, jackets, skirts, dupattas, kurti, salwar kameez, saris, shawls, and accessories. [READ: Navratri 9 Days Colours | Latest Dresses To Wear For Navratri Colors 2020]
Gamthi print has also recently gained a lot of interest while making home décor artifacts, wallpapers, and bedsheets, cushion covers, mugs, curtains, rugs, and much more.
The most popular Indian print Bandhani has its roots in Rajasthan and Gujarat. Bandhani means ‘Bandha= to tie’ and came into existence since the Indus Valley Civilization. The cloth is plucked using the fingernails, tied into many tiny or small bindings to form a design, and then dyed. Usually, it has patterns such as stripes, dots, squares, or waves. [READ: Fantastico Jaipur Diary- Quick List]
Also known as double ikat weave is made in Patan, Gujarat. It is mostly made on the fabrics like cotton, blends, or silk and is the most expensive textiles of India. The complex manufacturing method such as dying each thread separately and placing them in the right order to a pattern makes it known to be the royal fabric. Patola weaving flourished during the rule of Solanki Rajputs and was then a status symbol for women of Gujarat. The art of Patola is dying due to a lack of skilled manpower. Patola was loved among many communities like Jains, Muslims, and Gujarati Hindus who preferred designs such as paan, girl, parrot, flowers, elephants, etc.
4. Madhubani Prints
Madhubani Prints initially were just a part of the painting in walls and doors using twigs, nib-pens, fingers, matchsticks, or brushes. Now, this inspirational print is so popular worldwide and is also transferred onto fabrics and sarees. Madhubani Print fabric is the most happening print in fashion circles. This art form is finely detailed, sharp, that showcases the imaginative minds of Madhubani women.
Madhubani art also called Mithila paintings that used only natural dyes & pigments. The basic attraction and focal point of this art are the eye-catchy geometrical patterns which are now treasured as a national heritage.
Batik is an almost 2000 years old form of tie and dye technique. Wax resist is used on fabric to get some beautiful patterns on fabrics. The most used pattern is floral motifs using an all earthy palette and sometimes a pop of bold color. Batik fabric is popularly used in Dupattas, kurti, or dress material.
Kalamkari has its origin in Persia and means ‘the art of drawing with a pen’. In ancient days, kalamkari arts were done using only natural colors. These days the art covers freehand abstracts, animal prints, and intricate floral made by skilled workers and takes months. Kalamkari is the most trending Indian print on fabric.
Ikat the oldest form of dyeing technique and textile decorations. This dyeing technique is a very popular art form that dyes the yarn even before the weaving process into a fabric. The process is a resist dyeing process using wrap or weft technique similar to tie-dye to make patterns on fabrics. A focus point of Ikat is blurriness that can only be done by skilled craftsmen. The less blurry ones are the most expensive as it takes more time, skills and effects.
8. Khari print
Gold and silver khari print has its origin from the royals of Rajasthan who loved metal. Their special attire had gold and silver khari prints. However these days cheaper metals are used for dusting over the fabrics to make them budget-friendly. This popular printing technique is also done on paper these days.
9. Dabu print
Dabu is a mud resist printing technique from the community in Deesa, Gujarat. Dabu has got its name from ‘dabana’ which means ‘to press’. The main ingredients to make Dabu print are Calcium hydroxide (chuna), wheat chaff (beedan), & gum (Gond). This is applied to a fabric followed by block prints to create beautiful art. This community is popular for making vibrant fabrics loved worldwide and interestingly woven into cholis, ghagras, dresses, scarves, bedsheets, dupattas, sarees, turban, etc.
Buy these Indian Fabric Prints at affordable rates with Fabcurate. They have numerous collections of the best quality fabric including organic fabric and digital print fabric. Buy premium quality fabrics as per your requirement to curate your imagination. Facurate is based in the textile capital of India Surat, Gujarat.